Computer science is also known as computer science engineering. It is an academic study in data, information and mechanical and automated computing. Computer science involves four different sections, these include: algorithms and the structure of data, programming languages, computational theory and computer architecture. These four sections were determined by the Computer Sciences Accreditation Board in 1997. Working in computer science will involve so many different aspects of computing but their main aim is to use information in a mechanical and computational way.
Algorithms and data structure is a complex process. The algorithms part refers to the steps that are needed in a computerised manner to gain the results that are required. Algorithms are very beneficial for computers this is because they can be processed computationally; they can also be used for use in people. This could be for telling a person how to reach a destination or how to carry out a certain procedure. External information is often needed when using algorithms. These need to transform in a format that is easily processed this is known as data. This data then needs to be put into structures.
The computational theory is basically key questions. Such as, what information can be computed and how well can it be done? The computer theory can be very important in computer science, as many things are too complex for a computer to process. Some problems need to be processed efficiently. This is when other things are used to aid this. These include philosophy, logic and mathematics.
The architecture of a computer is crucial, as this will determine how the computers information is processed and how it will be programmed into doing this. How the computer is designed and constructed are all aspects of the architecture of the computer. This aspect will deal specifically with the uses of the hardware and how efficient they are. They are aimed more at the engineering side of computer science.
The programming of the languages is specifically used to give the computer the instructions; this is also known as software engineering. The language programming is used to help the efficiency of the architectural part of the computer and also aids the programmers, who may use the language in the future. The languages that help in this way are sometimes called low level. Different programmes that may be used are high level; these use a complier or interpreter software. The high level languages are more efficient but are more complex.